The Best Interior Lighting Ideas for Small Flats That will Blow Your Mind

The choice of lighting systems plays an important role in how well a flat is decorated. The right combination of design and functionality will enrich your rooms.

The perfect solution is wall lamps, a mix of elegance and modernity, sophistication and simplicity.

The choice of wall lamps can be divided into two main points: one that entails style with which you want to furnish your flat, and secondly the material with which the wall lamps are made.

Interior lighting is as important as any type of lighting decor you can incorporate into your home. It will bring the scenery and upgrade your living environment. It doesn’t matter how small the flat is, or the features in place, the choice of lighting must be cleverly-chosen.

Check some ideas below.

The choice of style

Generally, a distinction is made between Classic style and Modern style.

Classic style: It is elegant and refined, delicate and classy. These are some of the adjectives that define this style and at the same time shows the exact features of the wall light.

A balance in terms of colors and shapes will make your home even more welcoming and refined.

Modern style: There are many wall lamps ideally perfect for decorating your home following this style. It is important to choose the applique model well, as it must be in harmony with the rest of the furniture.

Wall sconces are a well-aligned mix of functionality and design, between modernity and freshness. Furnishing has never been so simple.

The importance of the material

The choice of material is equally important, as different materials create different plays and light intensities.

Here are 3 ideas to furnish your apartments.

Glass: It is ideal for illuminating the room in every corner and creating plays of light. Wall lamps emit a well-defined light. They can be installed in any room, functionality is guaranteed.

Brightness, along with the refinement, will be the protagonists of the lighting of your apartment. Brightness, efficiency, elegance and purity, are the concepts that are enclosed in simple wall sconces .

Fabric lampshade: These appliques give a more diffused and delicate light. They are ideal especially for use in bedrooms or in the living room.

Their lightness perfectly combines the desired atmosphere of relaxation and serenity that is generally sought before falling asleep or in moments of rest.

The lampshade can appear in different colors, the darker the light, the less intense the light will be. Lighting is diffused throughout the room with the touch of simplicity and serenity.

Paintable wall lamps: It is a perfect idea that combines excellent lighting with your creativity. Made of natural ceramic or plaster, these appliques give ample space to your imagination, allowing you to customize and paint them as you wish.

You therefore have the opportunity to create your own line of wall lamps, feel your own home in a more exclusive, subjective and full of your own personality. This type of wall light is easily painted. The lighting will be distinct and efficient.

Lighting Concepts

Hanging lamps cast uniform light, but create shade. That is why they are ideally combined with other luminaries to nuance the light. So that it is not too bright overall, attach a dimmer.

Wall lights create a soft light, never stand in the way and are suitable as indirect light in the background.

Floodlights spread their light towards the ceiling, which achieves beautiful effects, especially with bright colors.

Recessed spotlights usually sit directly in the ceiling and illuminate the floor space underneath with their light.

They are well suited for kitchen work surfaces, in the bathroom or at the desk, but should be mixed with light from other sources to prevent a floodlight effect.

Floor and table lamps are special under the light sources. They can be generously used and spread a very different light depending on the shape and color.

So that the room is not overcrowded, always make sure that the light and lamp size fits the pitch. Otherwise, rather put on the ground.

Scissor-hinged lights with heavy feet and swiveling heads are useful when more or less light is needed at the bed or desk.

Main features of interior lighting ideas

There are many advantages of LED lighting compared to traditional products:not only can you save on electricity bill, but also create different stylistic effects to enhance the domestic environments through customizable solutions.

In addition, the LED bulbs are durable, easy to install and are recyclable. The LED light systems adapt to any environment of the apartment. In the kitchen, the LED lamp is particularly useful for lighting the cooking area.

These led strips can be easily applied to the under-silets thanks to special aluminum profiles, structures characterized by various shapes, designs and dimensions.They are able to create quality effects since they are shielded.

The LED lighting is equally important in the bathrooms. Here they can be installed for example on the upper part of the mirrors obtaining excellent results.

LED spotlights are also very useful, which can be applied to effectively illuminate the shower cubicle.

LED lamps, panels and ceiling lights are perfect for living rooms and bedrooms. On the market you will find many shapes and colors, to embellish the design and furnishings of the living room and relaxation area.

The Positioning of light points.

The lighting of the interior of a house is a subjective factor, at least in part, which must respond to various needs of the user: studying, relaxing, reading, listening to music and much more. For each of these functions, the type of light and the most suitable location will be found.

Tracing the correct positioning of lighting points, using conventional signs by designers on the layout of the residential interiors is also fundamental.

This is in order to proceed with the correct distribution of electrical connections: sockets, switches, sockets for household appliances (with greater amperage), bipolar safety switches for washing machines, water heaters, lighting points for ceiling or wall lamps, TV sockets, bells, sockets controlled by switches, etc..

Together with the layout of the lighting points, a designer must also make an effort to create the connections between the switches and the luminaires they control. To do this you will use colored and numbered lines, each attributable to a different switch.

Luminous bodies: Main types and characteristics

The luminaries available on the market are the following: pendant lamps, ceiling lights, wall lamps, floor lamps, table lamps, spotlights, fixed or adjustable recessed spotlights, spotlights or wall spots, track lights and recessed spotlights that can be walked on step-markers.

Each of these types of light gives rise to a different lighting effect.

Direct Target Light

A targeted light is the projection of a beam that creates a visible cone of light. It becomes direct if the light beam comes from above and points downwards.

Diffuse light

The type of light that completely illuminates the room without a lampshade.

In this case, if you want to avoid the glare effect, we recommend using an opal glass instead of the one that is totally transparent.

Indirect light

If the light beam comes from below and is projected upwards this is an indirect light. It is frequently used in wall lamps and table lamps.

Mixed light

If there is a light body combining a beam of direct light with one of indirect light, this mixed light.

Aesthetic light

When there are no particular visual functions to perform and particular lighting needs, you can use a purely aesthetic light, which creates particular environments, emphasizing certain objects or architectural and decorative features. This is the case with floor-standing spotlights.

This category also includes step-marker spotlights, they can also be used to illuminate entrances or stairs at a height of 20/30 cm above the ground, and also used as a night light.

Hidden light

Profiles made up of fluorescent tubes or LEDs inserted in special grooves or along the perimeter of ceilings represent hidden light; a type of lighting that assists the main light body or simply as a setting.

Different types of artificial light

In order to choose the correct type of light, various considerations must be made. First of all, there are two types of light: warm light and cold light.

The first, also called yellow, is that of incandescent lamps, halogen lamps (although they have a whiter light than other incandescent lamps), yellow slim lamps and low consumption bulbs. Cool, or white, light can be found in low-consumption neon and bulbs.

With traditional light sources you could not choose the precise color of the light that the bulb produced, having to opt for either a very cool or very warm shade.

Since LED bulbs use a completely different and much more advanced technology, you can select the color gradation you want.

They also represent one of the highest quality choices,the only problem being the damage caused by blue light; an issue that the market has already faced with innovative solutions.

Yellow light — Modular led or halogen spotlights

Another aspect to consider is the effect that the various types of light can have on different types of surfaces and colors, a very broad and fascinating topic.

In short, we can say that a yellow light, softening shapes and colors, is ideal for homes, allowing you to relax. They can be used safely in the living room, in bedrooms and reading areas.

Choice of luminaires: white light in the bathroom

For bathrooms and kitchens, a white light should be preferred as it does not alter colors. These are areas where there is a need for more real light, for hygienic and safety reasons.

In the kitchen the color and freshness of the food will be emphasized, in the bathroom, the dirt will be visible and routine actions such as body care and make-up will be easily accompanied.

Distribution of light points in a house

In the kitchen, in addition to the lights recessed in the structure, above the worktop, it is necessary to consider a body of diffused light, in the center of the room, and one of targeted light directly above the table and/or above the snack table.

Alternatively, spotlights can be used as an alternative to scattered light.

In the studio, desk light and a central light point in the middle of the room are usually enough to illuminate this area.

Recessed spotlights can be added directly in the bookcase or on the ceiling near it. Alternatively, you can have a floor lamp, always comfortable and functional.

In the bathroom, generally, varies between spotlights and ceiling lights. Aesthetic floor lights can create an aesthetic beam of light on the adjacent wall, step-marker spotlights can highlight a step.

The shower area can also be illuminated and enhanced by spotlights. The mirror should have integrated lighting.

A central lighting point is more than sufficient in the service areas and in the hallways.

Correct positioning of the spotlights

There are strict rules for the distribution of spotlights, whether they are recessed or track-mounted. The distances between them vary according to the dimensions of the illuminating part of them.

The light output of each luminaire and the width of the cone of light created must also be taken into account.

Distributing light points in the home

Another factor to refer to, for the built-in ones, is the recess in the false ceiling. In general, round spotlights, which are the most common, should be spaced 80/100 cm according to the diameter that is around 10 cm.

Watt and lumen calculation for perfect room lighting

The luminous power, or luminous flux, is the total of the watts or lumens produced by a lamp. Carrying out this calculation is useful when choosing the type and quantity of light bodies and must be done beforehand.

Light output, ambient values

The general rule, when designing a correct artificial lighting, is to consider 30 watts per square meter. The exception is inputs and outputs, where 15 watts per square meter are more than enough.

In the past, there were variations only on the basis of whether it was a dark or a light room, today the studio is much more complex: to make variations to the general rule, one must consider the types of colors and materials that we have chosen for the room to be illuminated.

With the advent of LEDs, we no longer speak only of watts but also of lumens: a good LED product is able to achieve yields of at least 60 lumens per watt, up to 90-100 lumens per watt.

To calculate the illuminance in lux (lumens per square meter), it is necessary to divide the luminous flux, which derives from the total lumens of one or more luminaires, by the surface of the room to be illuminated.

Conclusion

The LED lighting for indoor environments must be differentiated according to the environment to be illuminated: kitchen, living room, bedroom or bathroom.  

In each of them, a precise and appropriate lighting source will be installed, in such a way as to obtain an aesthetically pleasing environment as well.

The bright ideas are so many and for all tastes with stylistically very interesting solutions.

In the kitchen, the chandeliers are very colorful and with different shapes, decorative, eccentric, romantic and sometimes sculptural.

As for suspension lamps, you can use simple light bulbs, colored wires or cluster bulbs available in different shapes and colors, all strictly LED.